Translation of the Meanings of the Noble Qur'an - English translation of "Abridged Explanation of the Quran" * - Translations’ Index


Translation of the meanings Surah: Al-Hijr
Ayah:
 

Al-Hijr

Purposes of the Surah:
توعد المستهزئين بالقرآن، والوعد بحفظه تأييدًا للنبي وتثبيتًا له.
It focuses on warning liars of the punishment, by illustrating scenes of those who are doomed. It also warns those to whom the Sūrah is addressed and offers support to the believers.

الٓرۚ تِلۡكَ ءَايَٰتُ ٱلۡكِتَٰبِ وَقُرۡءَانٖ مُّبِينٖ
1. This sūrah begins with the disconnected letters, the explanation for which has already preceeded in Sūrah Baqarah. These verses are very significant, which indicates that they are revealed from Allah. They are verses of a Qur’ān that clarifies monotheism and sacred laws.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
رُّبَمَا يَوَدُّ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ لَوۡ كَانُواْ مُسۡلِمِينَ
2. On the Day of Judgement, when things become clear to them, the disbelievers will wish they were Muslim. The falsity of their ways in the world will be made clear to them.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
ذَرۡهُمۡ يَأۡكُلُواْ وَيَتَمَتَّعُواْ وَيُلۡهِهِمُ ٱلۡأَمَلُۖ فَسَوۡفَ يَعۡلَمُونَ
3. O Messenger, leave these beliers to eat as the beasts eat, and to avail themselves of the finite pleasures of the world and let their hopes distract them from faith and righteous actions. They will come to know the loss they are in when they face Allah on the Day of Judgement.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَمَآ أَهۡلَكۡنَا مِن قَرۡيَةٍ إِلَّا وَلَهَا كِتَابٞ مَّعۡلُومٞ
4. For each oppressive town that became destroyed, Allah already knew of its fixed time. The destruction will neither come before or after its time.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
مَّا تَسۡبِقُ مِنۡ أُمَّةٍ أَجَلَهَا وَمَا يَسۡتَـٔۡخِرُونَ
5. A nation will not be destroyed before its appointed time, and its destruction will not be delayed when its time arrives. The wrongdoers should not have hope in Allah delaying their fate.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَقَالُواْ يَـٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِي نُزِّلَ عَلَيۡهِ ٱلذِّكۡرُ إِنَّكَ لَمَجۡنُونٞ
6. The disbelievers from Makkah said to the Messenger (peace be upon him): O you to whom the remembrance was revealed (as the Messenger himself used to claim), your claims make you out to be one who is possessed, and you behave as possessed people do.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
لَّوۡمَا تَأۡتِينَا بِٱلۡمَلَـٰٓئِكَةِ إِن كُنتَ مِنَ ٱلصَّـٰدِقِينَ
7. Why do you not call forth the angels to testify on your behalf, or why do you not ask for us to be destroyed because of our disbelief?
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
مَا نُنَزِّلُ ٱلۡمَلَـٰٓئِكَةَ إِلَّا بِٱلۡحَقِّ وَمَا كَانُوٓاْ إِذٗا مُّنظَرِينَ
8. In response to their idea of having the angels brought forth, Allah said: I will not send the angels except when it becomes wise to do so, that is, when your time comes to be penalised. And if the angels were sent and they did not believe, then their punishment would become imminent.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
إِنَّا نَحۡنُ نَزَّلۡنَا ٱلذِّكۡرَ وَإِنَّا لَهُۥ لَحَٰفِظُونَ
9. I alone revealed this Qur’ān to the heart of Muhammad (peace be upon him) as a reminder for people. I will guard the Qur’ān from anything being added to it or subtracted from it, or anything in it being exchanged or altered.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَلَقَدۡ أَرۡسَلۡنَا مِن قَبۡلِكَ فِي شِيَعِ ٱلۡأَوَّلِينَ
10. O Messenger, I sent before you messengers to prior groups of disbelievers and they belied them. So you are not an exceptional messenger from the perspective of being made out as a liar by your people.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَمَا يَأۡتِيهِم مِّن رَّسُولٍ إِلَّا كَانُواْ بِهِۦ يَسۡتَهۡزِءُونَ
11. Previous groups of disbelievers did not receive a messenger except that they belied and ridiculed him.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
كَذَٰلِكَ نَسۡلُكُهُۥ فِي قُلُوبِ ٱلۡمُجۡرِمِينَ
12. As I left the lies in the hearts of those nations, I will leave it as well in the hearts of the Makkahn idolaters, because of their opposition and stubbornness.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
لَا يُؤۡمِنُونَ بِهِۦ وَقَدۡ خَلَتۡ سُنَّةُ ٱلۡأَوَّلِينَ
13. They do not believe in this Qur’ān that was revealed to Muhammad (peace be upon him). Allah’s custom in destroying those who bely their messengers has occurred before, so the beliers should take that into consideration.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَلَوۡ فَتَحۡنَا عَلَيۡهِم بَابٗا مِّنَ ٱلسَّمَآءِ فَظَلُّواْ فِيهِ يَعۡرُجُونَ
14. These liars will remain stubborn even if the truth became obvious to them through clear proofs, even if I opened for them a door from the heavens and they continued to ascend through it.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
لَقَالُوٓاْ إِنَّمَا سُكِّرَتۡ أَبۡصَٰرُنَا بَلۡ نَحۡنُ قَوۡمٞ مَّسۡحُورُونَ
15. They would not believe, and they said: Our eyes could no longer see, and what we saw was the effects of magic, so we are bewitched.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
Benefits of the verses in this page:
• القرآن الكريم جامع بين صفة الكمال في كل شيء، والوضوح والبيان.
1. The noble Qur’ān is possessed of the attributes of perfection in every way, clarity and exposition.

• يهتم الكفار عادة بالماديات، فتراهم مُنْغَمِسين في الشهوات والأهواء، مغترين بالأماني الزائفة، منشغلين بالدنيا عن الآخرة.
2. The disbelievers will regret their disbelief on the Day of Judgment, and they will wish they had been Muslims.

• هلاك الأمم مُقَدَّر بتاريخ معين، ومقرر في أجل محدد، لا تأخير فيه ولا تقديم، وإن الله لا يَعْجَلُ لعجلة أحد.
3. Disbelievers normally concern themselves with materialistic things, so you find them entrenched in their desires and passions, deluded by a false sense of security, busying themselves with the world more than the Hearafter.

• تكفل الله تعالى بحفظ القرآن الكريم من التغيير والتبديل، والزيادة والنقص، إلى يوم القيامة.
4. The destruction of the disbelieving nations that belied the messengers because of their ignorance, disbelief, and belying the verses of Allah and His messenger.


وَلَقَدۡ جَعَلۡنَا فِي ٱلسَّمَآءِ بُرُوجٗا وَزَيَّنَّـٰهَا لِلنَّـٰظِرِينَ
16. We placed in the heavens great stars so as to guide people on their travels in the darkness of the desert and the sea. We also created them for those who ponder them, so that they would come to understand the ability of Allah, may He be glorified.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَحَفِظۡنَٰهَا مِن كُلِّ شَيۡطَٰنٖ رَّجِيمٍ
17. We protected the heavens from every satan that is rejected from Allah’s mercy.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
إِلَّا مَنِ ٱسۡتَرَقَ ٱلسَّمۡعَ فَأَتۡبَعَهُۥ شِهَابٞ مُّبِينٞ
18. Except for those who try to secretly listen to the high realm, they will be struck with a flaming meteor and they will be burned.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَٱلۡأَرۡضَ مَدَدۡنَٰهَا وَأَلۡقَيۡنَا فِيهَا رَوَٰسِيَ وَأَنۢبَتۡنَا فِيهَا مِن كُلِّ شَيۡءٖ مَّوۡزُونٖ
19. I flattened the earth so that people would dwell on it, and we placed sturdy mountains on it so that it (i.e. the earth) would not shake the people, and I planted in it a variety of crops [...]
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَجَعَلۡنَا لَكُمۡ فِيهَا مَعَٰيِشَ وَمَن لَّسۡتُمۡ لَهُۥ بِرَٰزِقِينَ
20. O people, I have placed for you on the earth foods and drinks that would sustain you so long as you are in the worldly life.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَإِن مِّن شَيۡءٍ إِلَّا عِندَنَا خَزَآئِنُهُۥ وَمَا نُنَزِّلُهُۥٓ إِلَّا بِقَدَرٖ مَّعۡلُومٖ
21. For all that benefits people and animals I am able to produce it and benefit people with it. I do not provide such things except according to a specific quantity determined by My wisdom and will.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَأَرۡسَلۡنَا ٱلرِّيَٰحَ لَوَٰقِحَ فَأَنزَلۡنَا مِنَ ٱلسَّمَآءِ مَآءٗ فَأَسۡقَيۡنَٰكُمُوهُ وَمَآ أَنتُمۡ لَهُۥ بِخَٰزِنِينَ
22. I sent the winds to fertilise the cloud, and I sent rain down from the fertilised clouds and I nourished you from rain water. O people, you are not containers of this water on earth in springs and wells, rather Allah is the One Who contains the water in them.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَإِنَّا لَنَحۡنُ نُحۡيِۦ وَنُمِيتُ وَنَحۡنُ ٱلۡوَٰرِثُونَ
23. I revive the dead by creating them out of nothing and resurrecting them after death. And I cause the living to die when their time comes. I am the One Who will remain and inherit the earth and whatever is upon it.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَلَقَدۡ عَلِمۡنَا ٱلۡمُسۡتَقۡدِمِينَ مِنكُمۡ وَلَقَدۡ عَلِمۡنَا ٱلۡمُسۡتَـٔۡخِرِينَ
24. I know of who was born and died before you, and of those who will be born and die after. Nothing of that is hidden from Me.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَإِنَّ رَبَّكَ هُوَ يَحۡشُرُهُمۡۚ إِنَّهُۥ حَكِيمٌ عَلِيمٞ
25. O Messenger, your Lord will gather them all on the Day of Judgment in order to credit the good doer for his good deeds, and the evil doer for his sins. He is Wise in His arrangement and knowledgeable. Nothing is hidden from Him.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَلَقَدۡ خَلَقۡنَا ٱلۡإِنسَٰنَ مِن صَلۡصَٰلٖ مِّنۡ حَمَإٖ مَّسۡنُونٖ
26. I created Adam from dried clay, if it is struck it sounds. This clay that he was created from is black and of an altered scent beacuse of the duration it has been left.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَٱلۡجَآنَّ خَلَقۡنَٰهُ مِن قَبۡلُ مِن نَّارِ ٱلسَّمُومِ
27. I created the father of the jinn from scolding fire before I created Adam (upon him be peace).
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَإِذۡ قَالَ رَبُّكَ لِلۡمَلَـٰٓئِكَةِ إِنِّي خَٰلِقُۢ بَشَرٗا مِّن صَلۡصَٰلٖ مِّنۡ حَمَإٖ مَّسۡنُونٖ
28. O Messenger, remember when Allah said to the angels and Iblis, who was with them: I will create a being from dried clay that rings when it is hit, it is black and of an altered scent.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
فَإِذَا سَوَّيۡتُهُۥ وَنَفَخۡتُ فِيهِ مِن رُّوحِي فَقَعُواْ لَهُۥ سَٰجِدِينَ
29. If I fashion his image and perfect his creation then prostrate to him in obedience to My command and to greet him.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
فَسَجَدَ ٱلۡمَلَـٰٓئِكَةُ كُلُّهُمۡ أَجۡمَعُونَ
30. The angels obeyed, so they all prostrated as their Lord commanded them.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
إِلَّآ إِبۡلِيسَ أَبَىٰٓ أَن يَكُونَ مَعَ ٱلسَّـٰجِدِينَ
31. As for Iblis, who was with the angels but was not one himself, refused to prostrate to Adam along with the angels.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
Benefits of the verses in this page:
• ينبغي للعبد التأمل والنظر في السماء وزينتها والاستدلال بها على باريها.
1. It calls on the servant to reflect and ponder over the sky and its decoration, and to take it as an indicator of Allah’s existence.

• جميع الأرزاق وأصناف الأقدار لا يملكها أحد إلا الله، فخزائنها بيده يعطي من يشاء، ويمنع من يشاء، بحسب حكمته ورحمته.
2. All types of wealth and decrees are controlled by Allah alone. Its treasures are in His hand and He gives to and takes away from whom He wills according to His wisdom and mercy.

• الأرض مخلوقة ممهدة منبسطة تتناسب مع إمكان الحياة البشرية عليها، وهي مثبّتة بالجبال الرواسي؛ لئلا تتحرك بأهلها، وفيها من النباتات المختلفة ذات المقادير المعلومة على وفق الحكمة والمصلحة.
3. The earth is created, paved and extended to accommodate human life on it. It is stabilised by high mountains so that it would not move with its inhabitants on it. It has on it different crops of known quantities in accordance with wisdom and welfare.

• الأمر للملائكة بالسجود لآدم فيه تكريم للجنس البشري.


قَالَ يَـٰٓإِبۡلِيسُ مَا لَكَ أَلَّا تَكُونَ مَعَ ٱلسَّـٰجِدِينَ
32. After Iblis refused to prostrate to Adam, Allah said to him: What kept you and prevented you from prostrating with the angels, who prostrated out of obedience to My command?
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
قَالَ لَمۡ أَكُن لِّأَسۡجُدَ لِبَشَرٍ خَلَقۡتَهُۥ مِن صَلۡصَٰلٖ مِّنۡ حَمَإٖ مَّسۡنُونٖ
33. Iblis arrogantly said: It is not proper for me to prostrate to a being You created out of dried clay that used to be black, malleable clay.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
قَالَ فَٱخۡرُجۡ مِنۡهَا فَإِنَّكَ رَجِيمٞ
34. Allah said to Iblis: Exit from paradise, for you are banished.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَإِنَّ عَلَيۡكَ ٱللَّعۡنَةَ إِلَىٰ يَوۡمِ ٱلدِّينِ
35. Upon you is My damnation and banished you are from My mercy until the Day of Judgment.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
قَالَ رَبِّ فَأَنظِرۡنِيٓ إِلَىٰ يَوۡمِ يُبۡعَثُونَ
36. Iblis said: O Lord, allow me to live and do not cause me to die until the day that Adam and his offspring are resurrected.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
قَالَ فَإِنَّكَ مِنَ ٱلۡمُنظَرِينَ
37. Allah (the Exalted) said: You are of those who I will grant a long life.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
إِلَىٰ يَوۡمِ ٱلۡوَقۡتِ ٱلۡمَعۡلُومِ
38. Until the time when all created things will die, upon the first blow of the Horn.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
قَالَ رَبِّ بِمَآ أَغۡوَيۡتَنِي لَأُزَيِّنَنَّ لَهُمۡ فِي ٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَلَأُغۡوِيَنَّهُمۡ أَجۡمَعِينَ
39. Iblis said: O Lord, because You misguided me, I will make sins on earth seem attractive to them, and I will lead them all astray from the straight path.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
إِلَّا عِبَادَكَ مِنۡهُمُ ٱلۡمُخۡلَصِينَ
40. Except for those servants You select to be worshipful to You.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
قَالَ هَٰذَا صِرَٰطٌ عَلَيَّ مُسۡتَقِيمٌ
41. Allah said: This is a straight path that leads to Me.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
إِنَّ عِبَادِي لَيۡسَ لَكَ عَلَيۡهِمۡ سُلۡطَٰنٌ إِلَّا مَنِ ٱتَّبَعَكَ مِنَ ٱلۡغَاوِينَ
42. You have no power or sway over tempting My sincere servants, except for those who follow you who are led astray.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَإِنَّ جَهَنَّمَ لَمَوۡعِدُهُمۡ أَجۡمَعِينَ
43. Hellfire is the promised abode of Iblis and all those who follow him who have been led astray.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
لَهَا سَبۡعَةُ أَبۡوَٰبٖ لِّكُلِّ بَابٖ مِّنۡهُمۡ جُزۡءٞ مَّقۡسُومٌ
44. Hellfire has seven doors through which they enter. For each of its doors, there is a known amount of the followers of Iblis who will enter through it.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
إِنَّ ٱلۡمُتَّقِينَ فِي جَنَّـٰتٖ وَعُيُونٍ
45. Those who were mindful of Allah, by obeying His command and staying away from disobedience will have gardens and springs.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
ٱدۡخُلُوهَا بِسَلَٰمٍ ءَامِنِينَ
46. When they enter, it will be said to them: Enter it with safety from any misfortune and security from any fears.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَنَزَعۡنَا مَا فِي صُدُورِهِم مِّنۡ غِلٍّ إِخۡوَٰنًا عَلَىٰ سُرُرٖ مُّتَقَٰبِلِينَ
47. I removed what was in their chests of enmity and envy. They are brethren beloved to one another, sitting upon thrones and looked upon one another.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
لَا يَمَسُّهُمۡ فِيهَا نَصَبٞ وَمَا هُم مِّنۡهَا بِمُخۡرَجِينَ
48. Fatigue does not affect them, and they will not be made to leave it. Rather, they will remain in it forever.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
۞نَبِّئۡ عِبَادِيٓ أَنِّيٓ أَنَا ٱلۡغَفُورُ ٱلرَّحِيمُ
49. O Messenger, inform My servants that I am the Forgiving towards whomever of them repents, and I am Merciful to them.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَأَنَّ عَذَابِي هُوَ ٱلۡعَذَابُ ٱلۡأَلِيمُ
50. And inform them that My punishment is the severe punishment, so they should repent to Me so they can receive My forgiveness and be safe from My punishment.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَنَبِّئۡهُمۡ عَن ضَيۡفِ إِبۡرَٰهِيمَ
51. And inform them of the story of the guests of Ibrahim (peace be with him) that were angels who came to give him glad tidings of a child, and news of the destructions of the people of Lot.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
Benefits of the verses in this page:
• في الآيات دليل على تزاور المتقين واجتماعهم وحسن أدبهم فيما بينهم، في كون كل منهم مقابلًا للآخر لا مستدبرًا له.
1. Allah’s commandment to the angels to prostrate to Adam ennobles mankind.

• ينبغي للعبد أن يكون قلبه دائمًا بين الخوف والرجاء، والرغبة والرهبة.
2. In these verses is an indication for the mutual visitations amongst the pious, their gatherings and the uprightness of their character towards one another such that each of them is accepting of one another and not antagonistic.

• سجد الملائكة لآدم كلهم أجمعون سجود تحية وتكريم إلا إبليس رفض وأبى.
3. It is important for a servant‘s heart to always be feeling both fear and hope as well as desire and aversion.

• لا سلطان لإبليس على الذين هداهم الله واجتباهم واصطفاهم في أن يلقيهم في ذنب يمنعهم عفو الله.
4. All the angels prostrated to Adam to greet and ennoble him, except for Iblis who rejected and abstained.


إِذۡ دَخَلُواْ عَلَيۡهِ فَقَالُواْ سَلَٰمٗا قَالَ إِنَّا مِنكُمۡ وَجِلُونَ
52. When they came to him and said, Peace. He answered them with a greeting that was better than theirs and presented them with a roasted calf for them to eat because he thought that they were human. When they did not eat of it he said: We are afraid of you.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
قَالُواْ لَا تَوۡجَلۡ إِنَّا نُبَشِّرُكَ بِغُلَٰمٍ عَلِيمٖ
53. The Messenger from the Angels said: Do not be afraid! We will tell you something that will make you glad. You are going to have a son with great knowledge.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
قَالَ أَبَشَّرۡتُمُونِي عَلَىٰٓ أَن مَّسَّنِيَ ٱلۡكِبَرُ فَبِمَ تُبَشِّرُونَ
54. Abraham, being surprised at the good news of a baby boy they gave him, said to them: Do you bring me this good news despite the fact that old age has reached me? What kind of good news are you bringing me?
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
قَالُواْ بَشَّرۡنَٰكَ بِٱلۡحَقِّ فَلَا تَكُن مِّنَ ٱلۡقَٰنِطِينَ
55. The Messengers from the Angels said to Abraham: We bring you good news of the truth in which there is no doubt, so do not be among those who despair from the good news we bring you.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
قَالَ وَمَن يَقۡنَطُ مِن رَّحۡمَةِ رَبِّهِۦٓ إِلَّا ٱلضَّآلُّونَ
56. Abraham said: Does anyone despair from the mercy of his Lord but those who have deviated from Allah’s straight path?!
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
قَالَ فَمَا خَطۡبُكُمۡ أَيُّهَا ٱلۡمُرۡسَلُونَ
57. Abraham said: What is the matter that has brought you - O Messengers - from Allah?
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
قَالُوٓاْ إِنَّآ أُرۡسِلۡنَآ إِلَىٰ قَوۡمٖ مُّجۡرِمِينَ
58. The Messenger from the Angels said: Allah has sent us to destroy a people who are guilty of great corruption and evil, the people of Lot.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
إِلَّآ ءَالَ لُوطٍ إِنَّا لَمُنَجُّوهُمۡ أَجۡمَعِينَ
59. Except the family of Lot and the believers that follow him for they will not be included in the destruction and We will save them all from it.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
إِلَّا ٱمۡرَأَتَهُۥ قَدَّرۡنَآ إِنَّهَا لَمِنَ ٱلۡغَٰبِرِينَ
60. Except for his wife, for We have decreed her to be one of those who stay behind included in the destruction.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
فَلَمَّا جَآءَ ءَالَ لُوطٍ ٱلۡمُرۡسَلُونَ
61. When the Messengers from the Angels came to the family of Lot in the form of men.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
قَالَ إِنَّكُمۡ قَوۡمٞ مُّنكَرُونَ
62. Lot (peace be with him) said to them: I do not recognise you, nor do I know who you are.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
قَالُواْ بَلۡ جِئۡنَٰكَ بِمَا كَانُواْ فِيهِ يَمۡتَرُونَ
63. The Messengers from the Angels said to Lot: Do not fear! We have brought to you - O Lot - the destructive punishment that your people have doubts about.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَأَتَيۡنَٰكَ بِٱلۡحَقِّ وَإِنَّا لَصَٰدِقُونَ
64. We have brought to you the truth in which there is no joke, and we are truthful in the information we give you.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
فَأَسۡرِ بِأَهۡلِكَ بِقِطۡعٖ مِّنَ ٱلَّيۡلِ وَٱتَّبِعۡ أَدۡبَٰرَهُمۡ وَلَا يَلۡتَفِتۡ مِنكُمۡ أَحَدٞ وَٱمۡضُواْ حَيۡثُ تُؤۡمَرُونَ
65. So travel with your family after a portion of the night has passed. Travel behind them and let none of you look back to see what happens to them. Proceed to where Allah has instructed you to go.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَقَضَيۡنَآ إِلَيۡهِ ذَٰلِكَ ٱلۡأَمۡرَ أَنَّ دَابِرَ هَـٰٓؤُلَآءِ مَقۡطُوعٞ مُّصۡبِحِينَ
66. We made known to Lot by means of revelation the matter that We had decreed, which was that those people will be annihilated by the last of them being destroyed when morning comes.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَجَآءَ أَهۡلُ ٱلۡمَدِينَةِ يَسۡتَبۡشِرُونَ
67. The people of Sodom came rejoicing at the guests of Lot, with the desire to commit indecency.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
قَالَ إِنَّ هَـٰٓؤُلَآءِ ضَيۡفِي فَلَا تَفۡضَحُونِ
68. Lot said to them: These people are my guests, so do not disgrace me by what you want with them.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَٱتَّقُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَلَا تُخۡزُونِ
69. Fear Allah by leaving this indecent behaviour and do not humiliate me by this heinous act of yours.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
قَالُوٓاْ أَوَلَمۡ نَنۡهَكَ عَنِ ٱلۡعَٰلَمِينَ
70. His people said to him: Did we not forbid you from hosting anyone? One who provides a warning has in effect excused himself for taking someone to account for not abiding by it.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
Benefits of the verses in this page:
• تعليم أدب الضيف بالتحية والسلام حين القدوم على الآخرين.
1. The need to guide towards something that is permissible and not unlawful, just as Lot guided his people to marriage.

• من أنعم الله عليه بالهداية والعلم العظيم لا سبيل له إلى القنوط من رحمة الله.
2. The person whom Allah has blessed with guidance and knowledge can never become despondent of Allah’s mercy.

• نهى الله تعالى لوطًا وأتباعه عن الالتفات أثناء نزول العذاب بقوم لوط حتى لا تأخذهم الشفقة عليهم.
3. It is Sunnah to hasten when passing the ruins of people whom Allah has destroyed, as these are places of anger and curse.

• تصميم قوم لوط على ارتكاب الفاحشة مع هؤلاء الضيوف دليل على طمس فطرتهم، وشدة فحشهم.
4. Allah prohibited Lot and his followers from turning back when the punishment was descending on the people of Lot so that they do not become overtaken by pity for them.


قَالَ هَـٰٓؤُلَآءِ بَنَاتِيٓ إِن كُنتُمۡ فَٰعِلِينَ
71. Lot (peace be with him) said to them: These are the women of my people, who are like daughters to me. Marry them if you want to satisfy your desires.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
لَعَمۡرُكَ إِنَّهُمۡ لَفِي سَكۡرَتِهِمۡ يَعۡمَهُونَ
72. By your life - O Messenger - the people of Lot wander blindly in pursuit of their lusts.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
فَأَخَذَتۡهُمُ ٱلصَّيۡحَةُ مُشۡرِقِينَ
73. The destructive punishment seized them at the time of sunrise.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
فَجَعَلۡنَا عَٰلِيَهَا سَافِلَهَا وَأَمۡطَرۡنَا عَلَيۡهِمۡ حِجَارَةٗ مِّن سِجِّيلٍ
74. We turned their towns upside down and rained on them a shower of petrified clay.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَأٓيَٰتٖ لِّلۡمُتَوَسِّمِينَ
75. In the incident mentioned about the punishment that descended on the people of Lot there are signs for those who ponder.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَإِنَّهَا لَبِسَبِيلٖ مُّقِيمٍ
76. The towns of the people of Lot are on an existing road and can be seen by travellers who pass by.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَأٓيَةٗ لِّلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ
77. In that which occurred there is a sign for the believers to take lesson from.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَإِن كَانَ أَصۡحَٰبُ ٱلۡأَيۡكَةِ لَظَٰلِمِينَ
78. The people of Shuayb, who lived in a town surrounded by intertwined trees, were wrongdoers; because of their denial of Allah and rejection of His Messenger, Shuayb (peace be with him).
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
فَٱنتَقَمۡنَا مِنۡهُمۡ وَإِنَّهُمَا لَبِإِمَامٖ مُّبِينٖ
79. We took retribution from them when the punishment seized them. The towns of the people of Lot and the dwellings of the people of Shuayb are on a path clear to those who pass by.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَلَقَدۡ كَذَّبَ أَصۡحَٰبُ ٱلۡحِجۡرِ ٱلۡمُرۡسَلِينَ
80. Indeed the Thamud, who were the people of Hijr (a place between Hijaz and the Levant) had in effect rejected all the Messengers when they rejected their prophet, Salih (peace be with him.)
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَءَاتَيۡنَٰهُمۡ ءَايَٰتِنَا فَكَانُواْ عَنۡهَا مُعۡرِضِينَ
81. We gave them proofs and signs to indicate his truthfulness in what he brought from his Lord. One of these was the she-camel. But they did not take a lesson from those signs and paid no attention to them.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَكَانُواْ يَنۡحِتُونَ مِنَ ٱلۡجِبَالِ بُيُوتًا ءَامِنِينَ
82. They used to carve out dwellings in the rocks of the mountains in which they lived safe from that which they feared.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
فَأَخَذَتۡهُمُ ٱلصَّيۡحَةُ مُصۡبِحِينَ
83. Then the bolt of the punishment seized them in the morning.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
فَمَآ أَغۡنَىٰ عَنۡهُم مَّا كَانُواْ يَكۡسِبُونَ
84. The wealth and the dwellings that they had gained did not ward off Allah’s punishment.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَمَا خَلَقۡنَا ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضَ وَمَا بَيۡنَهُمَآ إِلَّا بِٱلۡحَقِّۗ وَإِنَّ ٱلسَّاعَةَ لَأٓتِيَةٞۖ فَٱصۡفَحِ ٱلصَّفۡحَ ٱلۡجَمِيلَ
85. We did not create the heavens and the earth and we did not create everything between them in vain without any wisdom. We only created all of that with a true purpose. The Hour will certainly come, so, O Messenger, ignore those who reject you and pardon them graciously.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
إِنَّ رَبَّكَ هُوَ ٱلۡخَلَّـٰقُ ٱلۡعَلِيمُ
86. Your Lord, O Messenger, is the Creator and the Knower of everything.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَلَقَدۡ ءَاتَيۡنَٰكَ سَبۡعٗا مِّنَ ٱلۡمَثَانِي وَٱلۡقُرۡءَانَ ٱلۡعَظِيمَ
87. We have given you ‘The Opening (Sūrah Al-Fātiḥah)’ which consists of seven verses and We have given you the Grand Qur’ān.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
لَا تَمُدَّنَّ عَيۡنَيۡكَ إِلَىٰ مَا مَتَّعۡنَا بِهِۦٓ أَزۡوَٰجٗا مِّنۡهُمۡ وَلَا تَحۡزَنۡ عَلَيۡهِمۡ وَٱخۡفِضۡ جَنَاحَكَ لِلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ
88. Do not extend your sight to the temporary enjoyments We have given to some classes of disbelievers and do not grieve over their rejection. Be humble with the believers.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَقُلۡ إِنِّيٓ أَنَا ٱلنَّذِيرُ ٱلۡمُبِينُ
89. Say - O Messenger: I am indeed a warner of the punishment and I make clear that which will guide you.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
كَمَآ أَنزَلۡنَا عَلَى ٱلۡمُقۡتَسِمِينَ
90. I warn you of a punishment similar to that which Allah sent down on those who formed an alliance to deny the messengers.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
Benefits of the verses in this page:
• أن الله تعالى إذا أراد أن يهلك قرية ازداد شرهم وطغيانهم، فإذا انتهى أوقع بهم من العقوبات ما يستحقونه.
1. When Allah intends to destroy a town, their evil and transgression increases. When it reaches its peak He imposes on them the retribution they deserve.

• كراهة دخول مواطن العذاب، ومثلها دخول مقابر الكفار، فإن دخل الإنسان إلى تلك المواضع والمقابر فعليه الإسراع.
2. In the story of Lot there is a lesson and admonition for true believers.

• ينبغي للمؤمن ألا ينظر إلى زخارف الدنيا وزهرتها، وأن ينظر إلى ما عند الله من العطاء.
3. It is disliked to enter places of punishment.

• على المؤمن أن يكون بعيدًا من المشركين، ولا يحزن إن لم يؤمنوا، قريبًا من المؤمنين، متواضعًا لهم، محبًّا لهم ولو كانوا فقراء.
4. The sight of a believer should not long for the ornaments of the world when he has knowledge of the Mighty and Majestic Master.


ٱلَّذِينَ جَعَلُواْ ٱلۡقُرۡءَانَ عِضِينَ
91. Those who accepts parts of the Qur’ān and allege other parts to be sorcery, soothsaying or poetry.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
فَوَرَبِّكَ لَنَسۡـَٔلَنَّهُمۡ أَجۡمَعِينَ
92. By your Lord, O Messenger, I will on the Day of Judgement bring all those who break it into parts to account.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
عَمَّا كَانُواْ يَعۡمَلُونَ
93. We will question them about the disbelief and sins they committed in the world.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
فَٱصۡدَعۡ بِمَا تُؤۡمَرُ وَأَعۡرِضۡ عَنِ ٱلۡمُشۡرِكِينَ
94. So announce, O Messenger, the invitation towards Allah that He has instructed you to do and do not pay any attention to what the idolaters say and do.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
إِنَّا كَفَيۡنَٰكَ ٱلۡمُسۡتَهۡزِءِينَ
95. Do not be afraid of them, for we are enough for you against those leaders of disbelief from the Quraysh who mock at you.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
ٱلَّذِينَ يَجۡعَلُونَ مَعَ ٱللَّهِ إِلَٰهًا ءَاخَرَۚ فَسَوۡفَ يَعۡلَمُونَ
96. Those who take another deity along with Allah. They will soon come to know the evil outcome of their associating partners with Allah.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَلَقَدۡ نَعۡلَمُ أَنَّكَ يَضِيقُ صَدۡرُكَ بِمَا يَقُولُونَ
97. We know that your heart, O Messenger, is constrained by the rejection and mockery of you that emanates from them.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
فَسَبِّحۡ بِحَمۡدِ رَبِّكَ وَكُن مِّنَ ٱلسَّـٰجِدِينَ
98. So resort to Allah by declaring His transcendence from everything not appropriate for Him, and by praising Him with the attributes of His perfection; and be one of those who worship Allah and pray to Him. In that there is a cure for the strain on your heart.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَٱعۡبُدۡ رَبَّكَ حَتَّىٰ يَأۡتِيَكَ ٱلۡيَقِينُ
99. Go on worshipping your Lord and continue doing so as long as you live until death comes to you in that state.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
Benefits of the verses in this page:
• عناية الله ورعايته بصَوْن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم وحمايته من أذى المشركين.
1. In the verses there is proof that all people will be questioned: both disbelievers as well as believers, with the exception of those who enter paradise without reckoning.

• التسبيح والتحميد والصلاة علاج الهموم والأحزان، وطريق الخروج من الأزمات والمآزق والكروب.
2. Allah’s care and attention to protecting the Prophet (peace be upon him) from the harm of the idolaters.

• المسلم مطالب على سبيل الفرضية بالعبادة التي هي الصلاة على الدوام حتى يأتيه الموت، ما لم يغلب الغشيان أو فقد الذاكرة على عقله.
3. Glorifying, praising and praying to Allah is the cure for worries and grief and the way out of crises, dilemmas and anguish.

• سمى الله الوحي روحًا؛ لأنه تحيا به النفوس.
4. A Muslim is required to go on worshipping, in the form of ritual prayer, until death comes to him, as long as his mind is not overcome by a state of unconsciousness or loss of memory.

• مَلَّكَنا الله تعالى الأنعام والدواب وذَلَّلها لنا، وأباح لنا تسخيرها والانتفاع بها؛ رحمة منه تعالى بنا.
5. The creation of the heavens and the earth and the creation of man is a clear sign of Allah’s power, existence and oneness.


 
Translation of the meanings Surah: Al-Hijr
Surahs’ Index Page Number
 
Translation of the Meanings of the Noble Qur'an - English translation of "Abridged Explanation of the Quran" - Translations’ Index

English translation of "Abridged Explanation of the Quran" by Tafsir Center of Quranic Studies

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