Translation of the Meanings of the Noble Qur'an - English translation of "Abridged Explanation of the Quran" * - Translations’ Index


Translation of the meanings Surah: Ash-Shams
Ayah:
 

Ash-Shams

Purposes of the Surah:
التأكيد بأطول قسم في القرآن، على تعظيم تزكية النفس بالطاعات، وخسارة دسّها بالمعاصي.
Emphasis on the manifestation of the signs of Allah and His blessings in the land, people and their circumstances, in order to purify their souls and warn them from disobedience.

وَٱلشَّمۡسِ وَضُحَىٰهَا
1. Allah takes an oath on the sun and its rising after breaking onto the eastern horizon.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَٱلۡقَمَرِ إِذَا تَلَىٰهَا
2. He also takes an oath on the moon when it follows the sun after it has set.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَٱلنَّهَارِ إِذَا جَلَّىٰهَا
3. Allah also takes an oath on the day when it reveals whatever is on the face of the earth through its light.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَٱلَّيۡلِ إِذَا يَغۡشَىٰهَا
4. And He also takes an oath on the night when it covers the face of the earth, darkening it.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَٱلسَّمَآءِ وَمَا بَنَىٰهَا
5. And He takes an oath on the sky, taking an oath on its perfect creation.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَمَا طَحَىٰهَا
6. He also takes an oath on the earth: the way it has been spread so that people can live on it.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَنَفۡسٖ وَمَا سَوَّىٰهَا
7. He also takes an oath on each soul, with Allah having created it equally.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
فَأَلۡهَمَهَا فُجُورَهَا وَتَقۡوَىٰهَا
8. Then He made it understand - without teaching it - what was evil so it could be abstained from, and what was good so it could be implemented.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
قَدۡ أَفۡلَحَ مَن زَكَّىٰهَا
9. Verily, the one who has purified his soul by adorning it with virtuous characteristics and freeing it from evil traits, has succeeded.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَقَدۡ خَابَ مَن دَسَّىٰهَا
10. And verily the one who has secretly thrust his soul into sins and disobedience, has lost.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
كَذَّبَتۡ ثَمُودُ بِطَغۡوَىٰهَآ
11. After Allah mentions the loss of the one who thrust his soul secretly into sins, He mentions the Thamūd as an example of that, saying: The Thamūd rejected their Prophet Saleh due to their transgressing the limits in committing sins and disobedience.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
إِذِ ٱنۢبَعَثَ أَشۡقَىٰهَا
12. When the most wretched among them stood up after his people has appointed him for the task.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
فَقَالَ لَهُمۡ رَسُولُ ٱللَّهِ نَاقَةَ ٱللَّهِ وَسُقۡيَٰهَا
13. The Messenger of Allah Saleh (peace be upon him) said to them: “Leave the camel of Allah alone; let it drink on its day and do not pursue it intending evil.”
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
فَكَذَّبُوهُ فَعَقَرُوهَا فَدَمۡدَمَ عَلَيۡهِمۡ رَبُّهُم بِذَنۢبِهِمۡ فَسَوَّىٰهَا
14. But they rejected their Messenger with regards to the camel, and so the most wretched among them killed it with the consent of his people. Therefore, they were all guilty of the crime and so Allah enveloped them into His punishment and destroyed them by a shriek due to their sins. He made them equal in the punishment that He destroyed them with.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
وَلَا يَخَافُ عُقۡبَٰهَا
15. Allah set the punishment that destroyed them, upon them, without Him, may He be glorified, fearing any reproach over His actions.
Arabic explanations of the Qur’an:
Benefits of the verses in this page:
• أهمية تزكية النفس وتطهيرها.
1. It is important to purify and nurture the soul in doing good.

• المتعاونون على المعصية شركاء في الإثم.
2. Those who help each other in sin, are all equally guilty of it.

• الذنوب سبب للعقوبات الدنيوية.
3. Sins are the means of being punished in this world.

• كلٌّ ميسر لما خلق له فمنهم مطيع ومنهم عاصٍ.


 
Translation of the meanings Surah: Ash-Shams
Surahs’ Index Page Number
 
Translation of the Meanings of the Noble Qur'an - English translation of "Abridged Explanation of the Quran" - Translations’ Index

English translation of "Abridged Explanation of the Quran" by Tafsir Center of Quranic Studies

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